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The role of clouds in our society is incalculable.  The precipitation that they produce is the lifeblood of our continents and without help from clouds life may never have migrated from the sea.  It is even possible that life itself was born in the clouds.  Temperatures on our planet continue to warm due to the accumulation of Carbon Dioxide and other anthropogenic greenhouse gases in our atmosphere that are bioproducts of the combustion of fossil fuels.  Observations and climate models show that as our atmosphere is warming it is becoming more moist, but there is no clear understanding of the evolution of the Earth’s cloud systems as our atmosphere warms and moistens.  Do some regions have more clouds in the future while other regions have less?  This question motivates much of our research. 

Accompanying a warming climate induced by human activity is a necessary move toward planetary net-zero greenhouse gas emissions.  Failure to reach this goal within the next decade or two will ensure undesired and significant changes in the physical and socioeconomic structure of our planet. Achieving this goal will require conservation, reducing the use of fossil fuels, and increasing the use of alternative energy.  Solar and wind power involve radiation transfer and boundary layer physics, which form the foundation of our research, so we apply our expertise to increase the use and efficiency of solar panel arrays and wind generation systems.